Osseous surgery, which is also commonly referred to as flap surgery, is an effective form of treatment that can be used for certain tooth and gum problems. This type of surgery is generally used only as a last result, after other methods of treatment have been attempted and have been proven unsuccessful.
Purpose Of Surgery
When other treatments have failed, osseous surgery may prove successful at treating harmful gum pockets surrounding the teeth. The purpose of the surgery is to prevent tooth decay and eventual tooth loss by creating a clean area surrounding the tooth. When the depth of a pocket has become severe and the area is not responding to regular treatment, the osseous method is used.
What To Expect With Osseous Surgery
If you are told by a periodontist that you will need to undergo osseous surgery, there is no need to be alarmed. The procedure can be simple and effective, causing little need for concern.
The first part of the procedure is to numb the area so that the patient doesn’t feel unnecessary pain. Once the local anesthesia has been used, a simple incision is made in the tissue surrounding the infected area. To gain direct access to the infection, the gum is then lifted away from the surface of the tooth. With unobstructed access to the tooth’s surface, the area can easily be cleaned of harmful plaque.
The infected pocket is most often filled with bone-eating bacteria, causing uneven and rough areas on the bone and tooth. To help prevent future problems, the now uneven bone surface is then smoothed. This is a necessary process that can help your teeth and bones to stay healthy in the future. Once the infected area has been thoroughly cleaned near the root of the tooth and over the bone, the next step is to trim gum tissue. The new tooth structure may have changed, requiring a simple trimming process.
The final step in the osseous process is to stich up the incision, ensuring that the gum tissue heals correctly.
The Healing Process
After surgery, you may feel some pain. Pain medication may be prescribed to help alleviate the discomfort. If dissolving stiches are not used, your stiches will be taken out 6 to 10 days following surgery. Drs. Siverstein and Parker will likely want you to schedule a checkup visit about a month later to ensure that the area is healing properly.