Finding out you may need a tooth pulled can be a little scary, but knowing more about when a tooth extraction is a good idea, and what the process is like, can make it easier so you are more relaxed and understand the importance of following care instructions after the procedure.
Main Reasons for an Extraction
Nobody wants to lose their natural teeth, but there are cases when it’s not possible to keep a tooth, necessitating extraction and dental repair. Some of the most common reasons include:
- Damaged, broken, or cracked teeth
- Extensive tooth decay
- Teeth that need root canal treatment
- Teeth in an area with advanced periodontal disease
- Teeth that provide little to no benefit and may cause further dental problems, such as wisdom teeth (third molars)
- Orthodontic-related treatments that require the removal of some teeth in order to properly align others
Types of Extractions
Depending on your situation, you may require either a simple extraction or a surgical one. Simple extractions are often performed on teeth that fall out, or are likely to fall out, or teeth that cause pain, swelling, and bleeding due to decay or other injury. The procedure requires local anesthesia, but no major surgery.
Surgical extractions are performed in more complex cases, particularly when the teeth that require removal have either broken off at or near the gums, or are still inside the gums. The most common surgical extractions are wisdom teeth removal, but surgical tooth extraction can be performed on other teeth as well.
There are some risks involved in tooth extraction, including the potential for teeth around the extraction to move, so it is only used in cases where there is no other treatment option.
When no other treatment options are available, tooth extraction can be a viable alternative for dental repair so you can avoid constant pain, swelling, and bleeding around damaged, broken, decaying, or infected teeth.