Stages Of Gum Disease

How Serious Is The Disease?

It is predicted that right now in America, 75% of people are suffering from some form of gum disease. Disease of the gums, however, does not only affect a person’s gums and mouth. There are many serious physical health and dental concerns that could likely have been avoided simply by receiving proper dental care and avoiding this unnecessary disease. The ongoing task of regular flossing, brushing, and dentist visits may be all you need to avoid serious and preventable health problems.


What Are The Stages? 

There are three main stages of gum disease. The more the disease progresses the more difficult it becomes to treat, making it extremely important to catch early on. If you feel you may have any form of the disease, contact Drs. Silverstein and Parker as soon as possible to begin gum disease treatment.


Earliest Stage – Gingivitis

The first stage of the disease is gingivitis. Gingivitis occurs when plaque begins to build up, causing inflammation and redness on the gums. Neglecting to care for your teeth through daily brushing and flossing may result in this dangerous buildup of plaque and bacteria. If your gums start to bleed after your brush or floss your teeth, or you can see visible signs of inflammation, you may be experiencing the early signs of gingivitis. 

Gingivitis is the easiest to treat because the bacteria growth has not yet affected the actual structure of the bone and teeth. As soon as you suspect gingivitis, speak with Dr. Silverstein or Dr. Parker about receiving treatments for gingivitis.


Secondary Stage – Periodontitis 

When left untreated, gingivitis can quickly turn into the more serious periodontitis. At this point, essential bones and fibers have received serious damage. Bacterial growth in the gums leaves large hollow pockets where food and plaque can continue to build up. Gaps can begin to form between teeth and gums may start to recede. Although damage has already occurred, you can prevent further problems by receiving treatment immediately.


Final Stage – Advanced Periodontitis

In its final stage, gum disease can be extremely severe. If bacteria growth is not stopped, it can quickly spread, destroying essential connective tissues and structurally supporting bones. Pockets in gums can grow deeper, causing tooth movement and eventual tooth loss. Advanced periodontitis often results in bite problems as teeth move out of place. To save your teeth and your mouth, immediate and aggressive treatment must be started.


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